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Gardening Pest fruit crops

2015-09-09 00:00:00

set of basic actions to combat pests and diseases of fruit crops

< td valign = "top"> budding phase closer to the beginning of flowering < td valign = "top"> Propagated by seeds and vegetative bulbils-kiddies, seeds mostly with the aim of breeding in breeding new varieties. Vegetative reproduction on the mother bulb at the base of the stems formed 2-3 bulbs-kids who are isolated. Thrive in any soil, prefers open land, but reconciled and shaded. When digging the soil before planting to 1 m2 should make 10 kg of humus, 60 g of phosphorus, 30 g of potassium. Planting time -September -October. Bulbs are planted at a depth of 6-10 cm at a distance of 15-20 cm

plants during vegetation fed 3 times. First -during sprouting shoots reach a height of 7-8 cm per 1 m2 make 40 g of ammonium nitrate and 70 -superphosphate; the second -during budding at the same rate; third -in the period of flowering with cow manure at the rate of 1:3 with the addition of 1 liter of solution 7.5 g of superphosphate. After each feeding is carried out with loosening embedding fertilizer to a depth of 5-6 cm without transplantation can be raised to 5 years. The bulbs are dug from the soil after vegetation in June, dried in a shaded, ventilated area.

Terms works
Mandatory event
Additional work
spring before bud swelling apple and pear
Removal of dead wood and cutting of dead branches
Treatment of wounds, hollows, nibble caused by rodents
Inspection trunks, fences and buildings to identify and destroy egg-laying, gypsy moth caterpillars and cocoons with moth
Cutting and removal of twigs with eggs ringed silkworm
Spraying trees, when the temperature reaches 50 C one of the compositions:
and 1% sodium DINOK against scab and testicular sucker and aphids
b 2% solution nitrafena against the same pests and diseases
When isolation and nominating buds Spraying against scab, aphids, sucker, leaf rollers and silkworms 2% Bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride substitutes 0.5-0.75% with the addition of 0.2% and Sevigny thiophos 0,1% Planting along the fences and in other places where pesticides are not used, nectariferous and other plants that attract beneficial insects, mustard, buckwheat, fennel, Phacelia, testes carrots
Immediately after flowering Spraying against scab 1% Bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride substitutes, Zineb, 0,5-0,75% Periodic inspection of trees and destruction of nests with caterpillars and codling moth annelid moth
At the signal to start forecasting service codling moth caterpillars 10 days after the beginning of the summer Combined spraying against larvae of the codling moth, scab, leaf-eating pests and aphids:
a solution of 0.1% with the addition of rogora 0.5-0.75% Zineb
b solution of 0.2% with the addition of captan chlorophos or ftalana or Zineb 0,5% -0,75%
Overlaying on trunks catching bands to catch moth caterpillars
Within 12-14 days after the last suspension is 0.2% with the addition of ziram Sevigny 0.5 -0,75%
During the summer Worms Gathering windfalls every evening
After harvesting Wound Healing and sealing hollows Removal protivoplodozhorochnyh hunting zones and destruction in their tracks
autumn after leaf Tying trunks of young trees or fir branches roofing for protection from rodents. Unfolding baits: 4% by weight of zinc phosphide grain and 3% vegetable oil in tar paper tube or use deterrents spillage around trees peat crumbs, moistened with 5% emulsion kreolina Raking and burning scab infected leaves or burying them in the soil when digging the leaves can be added to compost heaps, covering them with soil or peat
winter Protection of young trees from damage by rodents otaptyvaniya snow around the trees during the thaw. When otaptyvanin need to throw the snow to the trees, not to denude trunks Attracting gardens tits and other insectivorous birds, feeding of them, hanging feeders
Currants and gooseberries
Spraying 6.2% ethyl hlorofosom or 1% rogorom against moth caterpillars gooseberry
Spraying cassis, currants affected, bud mite, 3,5-1% strength suspension of colloidal sulfur not be allowed into sulfur gooseberry
End flowering currant Combined spraying against moth gooseberry and anthracnose :
a solution of 0.2% hlorofosa supplemented with 0.5% copper oxychloride, and 0.2% 3-trihlormetafosa against aphids and mites silken
b suspension of 0.2% Sevin adding 0.5% copper oxychloride or 0.5% zineb
in a suspension of 30% wettable powder DDT-0, 7% in the mixture with 1% Bordeaux mixture or its substitutes with the addition of malathion or trihlormetafosa
During flowering shrubs identification blackcurrant affected terry. Varieties not resistant to powdery mildew, spray 0.5% solution of soda ash and soap, or 0.5% ammonium nitrate, or mullein infusion treatment was repeated after 10 and 20 days after the first
20 days after flowering Repeated spraying against anthracnose Bordeaux mixture or its substitutes
After removal harvest Repeated spraying against anthracnose Bordeaux mixture or it substitutes
autumn after leaf Raking fallen leaves and burning or burying them in the soil when digging
spring before bud Raspberry
Spraying bushes and soil solution of 2% nitrafena against agents of fungal diseases
When the buds, not later than 7 days before flowering Spraying 0.2% against hlorofosom raspberry-strawberry weevil and raspberry beetle with the addition of copper oxychloride or ziram 0.5-0.7% against anthracnose and septoria
During the summer Periodic inspection for culling raspberry plants infected with viral diseases
After harvesting Low tenderloin fruiting stems spraying Bordeaux mixture or one of its substitutes against agents of fungal diseases
spring and early regrowth of leaves < strong> Strawberry
Removal of dry and diseased leaves and destroy them
In phase outcrop buds Spraying a solution of 0.2% against chlorophos raspberry-strawberry weevil
After harvesting Spraying a solution of 0.2-0.3% strength against keltan strawberry transparent mite with the addition of one of the substitutes against white Bordeaux mixture, brown leaf spot and other In areas affected by slugs, spending twice dusting lime, hydrated lime

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