Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum. Aster family Asteraceae Dum .. The genus contains about 150 species, native to the temperate zone.
Single, perennial or subshrub plants. Numerous varieties of perennial ground chrysanthemums, autumn flowering, widespread in floriculture, descended from x. Indian melkotsvetnoy Ch. indicum L. x. Chinese Grandiflora Ch. chinensis Sabine, and some of the Korean group. Melkotsvetnye grown outdoors without the formation of clusters, and the formation of Grandiflora. Short-day plant. Flowers from September. Melkotsvetnye chrysanthemums are compact shrub up to 60 cm with numerous flowers arranged at the ends of shoots collected in inflorescence -basket.
Grandiflora chrysanthemum 70 cm in height, inflorescence diameter of 30 cm, different shape and color.
vegetatively propagated by herbaceous cuttings from January to May. Cuttings of up to 6 cm dive into boxes or pots with sand or perlite to a depth of 1-1.5 cm at a temperature of 15 C, rooted in 10 days. At a height of 10 cm plant pinch, evolved from a second-order shoots leave as long as necessary to get the inflorescence.
Soil under chrysanthemum treated to a depth of 35 cm, fertilized with humus. Prefer moderate watering and sunny areas. Used for group planting, cutting and as potted plants. Plants do not hibernate in the open ground. This perennial plant originating from tropical and subtropical countries. Being transferred in a temperate climate of our country, winter can not withstand freezing temperatures outdoors and die.